Agriculture in Eritrea
Despite plenty of arable land and significant water resource, Eritrea has at present not only the proportion of the cultivated land that is so small, but farming is practiced on the basis of archaic and traditional methods. In light of these, there is ample room for accelerated agricultural development if enough investment is channeled to the sector. Large productivity gains could be achieved from a relatively modest investment in new and improved methods.
Using modern cultivation, fertilization, plant protection and water conservation techniques large quantities of food crops, exports as raw materials for industrial enterprises can be produced. The development of irrigated agriculture in the lowland river basins is highly promising. Also, Eritrea is endowed with suitable animal husbandry and livestock development. Though the current development of this sub-sector is so low, if modern animal husbandry, improved animal feed, interbreeding efforts, veterinary and vaccination services are introduced, high investment returns can be obtained.
In this respect, Eritrea offers three major areas in agriculture: South Western Lowlands, Eastern Lowlands and Southern Highlands suitable for crops, horticulture, dairy and forest products, livestock breeding and fattening, and poultry.
The most favourable investment opportunities include, fresh and processed dairy and meat products, live animal export, hides, skin and leather export, horticulture and cash crops such as coffee, cotton, flowers, high-value nuts, sesame, gums, resins, lentils, … etc.